Preferred skills for a successful career in Veterinary sciences:
- Passion for Animals
- Academic Competencies
- Business Skills
- Interpersonal Skills
Need to understand the pain of a living being who cannot express its pain.
Veterinary science is the application of medical, diagnostic, and therapeutic principles to companion, domestic, exotic, wildlife, and production animals. Veterinary science is vital to the study and protection of animal production practices, herd health and monitoring spread of widespread disease. Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals. Like medical degrees, this encompasses everything from preventative care to psychological analysis and complex surgical procedures.
A veterinarian is a medical professional who protects the health and well-being of both animals and people. They diagnose and control animal diseases and treat sick and injured animals. They also advise owners on proper care of their pets and livestock. One can choose to be a Companion animal veterinarians – Equine veterinarian – Food animal veterinarians – Food safety & Inspection Veterinarians – Research Veterinarians.
- Diploma - Animal Reproduction (1 Year )
- Diploma - Preventive Veterinary Medicines (1 Year )
- Diploma - Veterinary & Livestock Development Assistant (2 Years )
- Diploma - Veterinary Science and Animal Health Technology (2 Years )
- PG Diploma - Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosis (1 Year )
- PG Diploma - Veterinary Nuclear Medicine (1 Year )
- B.V.Sc & AH - Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (Min of 3 years to a Max of 5 years )
- B.V.Sc - Animal Genetics and Breeding (5 Years )
- B.V.Sc - Animal Production & Management (3 Years )
- B.V.Sc - Veterinary Surgery & Radiology (3 Years )
- B.V.Sc - Veterinary Medicine, Public Health & Hygiene (3 Years )
- M.V.Sc - Master of Veterinary Science (3 Years )
- M.V.Sc - Veterinary Medicine (2 Years )
- M.V.Sc - Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology (2 Years )
- M.V.Sc - Veterinary Surgery & Radiology (2 Years )
- Ph.D - Veterinary Medicine (3 Years )
- Ph.D - Veterinary Pathology (3 Years )
- Ph.D - Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology (3 Years )
The candidate should have passed 12th with the subject of Physics, Chemistry and Biology with minimum 50% of marks from a recognized board. The age limit is 17 to 25 years.
For a UG course, one must have obtained not less than 50% of the aggregate marks in English, Physics, Chemistry & Biology either (a) at the qualifying examination in the case of Veterinary College where the admissions are made on the basis of marks obtained OR (b) A total percentage of 50 of the total marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology taken together at an entrance examination for selection. For Schedule Castes/the Schedule Tribes or other special category of students, the marks required shall be 40% less than that of the general category, subject to the notifications of such special groups by the Government. The candidates are normally admitted in colleges through entrance examination.
Candidates who have completed UG program - B.V.Sc & AHB, recognized by Veterinary Council of India, are eligible for M.VSc. The admission is based on marks obtained in PG Entrance Examination. Minimum age limit - 20-22 years. Some Institutes stipulate an upper age limit of 35 years.
Admission process is done through National level entrance exam such as: All India Pre Veterinary Test, All India Common Entrance Examination.
The admission to the UG program is based on the results of the entrance examinations which are conducted by the particular universities. Veterinary Council of India conducts All India Pre Veterinary Test (AIPVT) for admission to Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & AH). Admission are based on the scores obtained in the Entrance Examination conducted State Level entrance exams or by Universities themselves. The Veterinary Council of India conducts an AICEE for admission to BVSc, UG progam to fill 15% of the total number of seats in each Veterinary college in all the states.
Admission for MVSc programme will be held on the basis of all India Entrance Examination conducted by the Education Division, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. All the candidates including sponsored (in-service) for seeking admission to MVSc programme shall appear for an written Examination. For more information one can visit www.icar.org.in. ICAR finalizes the students for Post-Graduate degree programme(MVSc) on the basis of merit and after counselling, in 22 various disciplines. One may visit www.icar.org.in for more information on the details of the discipline and eligibility criteria by browsing the Master Programme page.
Anaesthesiology – An Insight
M.V.Sc in Anaesthesiology is a course offered under the post graduate course in Veterinary Sciences. Anaesthesia in Veterinary is performed on animals by a veterinarian or a Registered Veterinary Technician. Animals have natural tendency not to co-operate in diagnostic or a therapeutic process. Veterinary anaesthesia is performed on species like cattle, pigs, goats, cats, dogs, horses, pigs etc. Other species includes birds, etc.
Anaesthesia technicians play a crucial role in administering and monitoring anaesthesia with supervision from the veterinarian. In a surgery, the patient is required to be immobile and the pain not being felt by them, and the procedure of Anaesthesia exactly for that. It also reduces the stress levels during invasive surgeries. For diagnostic procedures, anaesthesia is a must. Even drawing of a blood sample requires anaesthesia in aggressive animals.
The techniques of anaesthesia procedures is also extensively dealt with. Different techniques of application in different animals and birds, is also learnt by the student. Students also learn how animals are administered anaesthesia for therapeutic procedures, catheterisation in the urinary tract, injecting into a mass etc.
Candidates possessing a BVSc / BVSc & AH degree of any recognised University are eligible for the program. The colleges should be recognised by VCI.
Veterinary Anaesthesiology are specialist veterinarians. They work in anaesthesiology in different animal bodies.
Students can get placed in an industry with respect to anaesthesiology. Candidates can get themselves placed in the concerned government department and check for the medications and chemicals.
Suitable careers are also available in the pharmaceutical industry, biomedical industry, Universities and Colleges. One can also pursue research and conduct workshops, seminars etc. and also open into the career path of a Veterinary scientist.
The need for veterinarian and the potential is such that the total livestock population alone, consisting of Cattle, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Pig, Horses & Ponies, Mules, Donkeys, Camels, Mithun and Yak in the country, is 512.05 million or more. This is minus the pets like the dogs, cats, birds, etc. There are very good chance that one can get into employment with a decent pay cheque, both in the Public and the Private Sector. The Job Title you can look forward to as a veterinarian are: Veterinarian Assistant, Veterinarian Technician, Veterinary physician, Veterinarian food inspection specialist, Associate veterinarian, Veterinary surgeon, Veterinary pharmacologist, Veterinary epidemiologist, Veterinary neurologist, Veterinary dermatologist.
An Under Graduate salary in India, is between INR 175,000 to 250,000 depending upon the type of practice and experience.
For a Post Graduate, the salary in India ranges from INR 250,000 to INR 600,000 depending upon the type of practice and experience.
**The earnings are good as compared to other ordinary professions. The salary of veterinarian may vary country to country. Abroad, one can look at a starting pay of $60,000 to $80,000 and it can increase depending upon experience and your specialization. .